Direct and Indirect Speech of Assertive Sentences is a utile topic in English Grammar. Consequently, practice is required to master the art of Changing Direct speech and Indirect Speech of Assertive Sentences. In this article, Change of Direct and Indirect Speech of Assertive Sentences is introduced with rules and examples in an easy way.
What Assertive Sentence is?
First, we have to know what Assertive Sentence is.
Basically, an assertive sentence is a statement that expresses a fact or an opinion that is believed to be true. It is used to make a claim or to state a belief or fact clearly and confidently. An assertive sentence typically has a subject followed by a verb and an object, and it can be either positive or negative. Examples of assertive sentences include “I am going to the store” and “The sky is blue.”
How to Identify Assertive Sentences for Direct and Indirect Speech.
- a. There is a full stop (.) at the end of the sentence.
- b. The sentence structure is normally (S+V+O).
- c. This makes a statement that is believed to be true.
- c. This type of sentence may be either positive or negative.
- He said to me, “I am ill.”
- He said to me, “I am going to the store.”
- My friend said to me, “I am not going to the store.”
- She said, “I don’t think the sky is blue.”
- The headmaster said, “The meeting will start at 10 am.”
More Direct & Indirect Speech Resources:
Rules to change Direct and Indirect Speech of Assertive Sentences
Rule 1: Firstly, it needs to understand which kind of sentence is in the quotation mark or inverted comma in direct speech.
Rule 2: For Assertive Sentences, the reporting Verb in the Indirect Narration will be ‘say’ or ‘tell’. But the Tense of Reporting Verb remains the same both in Direct and Indirect Speech.
Some of the commonly used verbs in the Indirect Narration of Assertive Sentences are –
Direct Narration: He said, “I am happy.”
Indirect Narration: He said that he was happy.
Direct Narration: The teacher said to me, “I shall give you the answer paper tomorrow.”
Indirect Narration: The teacher told me that he would give me the answer paper the next day.
Rule 3: Conjunction ‘that’ is introduced after the reporting verb ‘say’ or after the object of the verb ‘tell’ in indirect narration. On the contrary, we can say the conjunction ‘that’ is used before the sub-ordinate clause part in indirect narration.
Rule 4: Changes of Persons in indirect narration have already been discussed on the previous page. Should be carefully studied.
Rule 5: Changes of Reporting Verb in Indirect Narration and the Verb of the reported speech in indirect narration also have been discussed in the General Rules section on the previous page. Should be carefully studied.
Various other examples of change of Narration from Direct to Indirect Assertive Sentences have been given in connection with the discussion of Changes of Verbs in Indirect Narration and also the Changes of persons in Indirect Narration Which should be carefully studied.
Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech of Assertive Sentences
Note carefully the Change of Assertive Sentences from Direct Speech to Indirect Speech.
Direct: The boy said, “I’ll do the work now.”
Indirect: The boy said that he would do the work then.
Direct: He said, “I am glad to be here this evening.”
Indirect: He said that he was glad to be there that evening.
Direct: He said, “I shall go to Delhi tomorrow.”
Indirect: He said that he would go to Delhi the next day.
Direct: He said, “I have never seen anything like it.”
Indirect: He said that he had never seen anything like it.
Direct: Bimal said to him, “You should be more careful.”
Indirect: Bimal told him that he should be more careful.
Direct: He said, “I have passed the examination.
Indirect: He said that he had passed the examination.
Direct: He said, “I passed the examination.”
Indirect: He said that he had passed the examination.
Direct: He said, “I was playing football.”
Indirect: He said that he had been playing football.
Direct: He said, “I shall play football.”
Indirect: He said that he would play football.
Direct: He says, “I shall help the poor.”
Indirect: He says that he will help the poor.
Direct: You will say, “I do not take tea.”
Indirect: You will say that you do not take tea.”
Direct: They said, “We are not afraid.”
Indirect: They said that they were not afraid.
Direct: She said, “I am working in the garden.”
Indirect: She said that she was working in the garden.
More Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech of Assertive Sentences
Direct: You said to me, “I have sold a bicycle.”
Indirect: You told me that you had sold a bicycle.
Direct: I said to Mitali, “You misunderstand me.”
Indirect: I told Mitali that she misunderstood me.
Direct: We said to them, “We will help you.”
Indirect: We told them that we would help them.
Direct: Reba said to Rajib, “You are working very sincerely.”
Indirect: Reba told Rajib that he was working very sincerely.
Direct: Mantu said, “Iron is a very useful metal.”
Indirect: Mantu said that Iron is a very useful metal.
Direct: He said, “I can lift this heavy luggage.”
Indirect: He said that he could lift that heavy luggage.
Direct: Sima said to me, “I gave you a pen yesterday.”
Indirect: Sima told me that she had given me a pen the previous day.
Direct: They said, “We are happy now.”
Indirect: They said that they were happy then.
Direct and Indirect Speech of Assertive Sentence Exercises
Change the following from Direct to Indirect Speech of Assertive Sentence.
i) She says, “I shall dance.”
ii) You will say, “I am happy.
iii) They said, “We support the right.”
iv) The policeman said to the boys, “You have not followed the rules of the road.”
v) The man said, “I have lost the way.”
vi) You said to me, “I am your familiar friend.”
vii) He said to you, “You helped me in my evil days.”
viii) The teacher said, “A friend in need is a friend indeed.”
ix) Anjali said to her friends, “I shall not go on with my studies like you.”
x) Dipali said to us, “You are not listening to my suggestion.”
Worksheet on Direct and Indirect Speech of Assertive Sentences
Turn the following from Direct to Indirect Speech of Assertive Sentence.
i) He said, “It may rain today.”
ii) He said to me, “My brother is sorry to irritate you.”
iii) Jayanta said, “It is of no use to kill the bird.”
iv) Pratap said to the boys, “You have not completed the work.”
v) Rajat said, “I shall leave for Mumbai with my family tomorrow.”
vi) Nabanita said, “My father breathed his last a week ago.”
vii) Malina said to her friends, “I am not in à position to comply with your request.
viii) Rituparna said to Suparna, “You did not attend my birthday party yesterday.”
ix) Manas said, “My brother has been working in a factory for a few months.”
x) Mother said, “God is great and kind to all.”
xi) The teacher said to the boy, “You have forgotten the lesson.”
xii) The boy said, “I shall go out and play.”
xiii) He said, “I am happy to be here today.”
xiv) They said, “We shall play the game again”
xxv) The boy said, “Two and two make.”
xvi) “I have lost my books and yours too”, she told them.
xvii) The princess says, “I have lost my way.”
xviii) They say, “We must keep our locality clean.”
xix) The girl says, “These books are their’s, but this one is mine.”
xx) The Happy Prince said, “I led the dance in the great hall.”