Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar has been prepared for learning English Grammar of Class 5 under CBSE, ICSE, and Other State boards as Lesson No 26. Class 5 students in their English Grammar learning process will get help from the Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar to achieve better speaking and writing skills in English.
This Lesson 26, Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar contains – The definition of adjective, and the Position of Adjectives, Types of Adjectives, with a practice worksheet at the end for better knowledge for class 5.
English Grammar eBook Class 5
Explanation: Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar
1. Rohini is a good student.
2. Have you seen my book?
3. She is an intelligent girl.
4. I have two pens to write on.
The bold words of each of the above sentences describe a noun. Such words are called Adjectives.
Definition of adjective:
An Adjective is a word that describes a noun or pronoun. We can call an adjective a describing word.
Position of Adjectives:
An adjective is generally used after or before a noun or a pronoun. According to position, an adjective can be divided into two categories –
- Attributive Adjective
- Predicative Adjective.
When an adjective is used before a noun to describe it, the adjective is called an attributive adjective.
- He is a good ( Adj)boy ( N). – Adjective placed before a noun.
- I met a poor (Adj) man (N) .-Adjective placed before a noun.
When an adjective is used after a noun or a pronoun to describe it, the adjective is called a predicative adjective.
- The boy (N) is good (Adj). – Adjective placed after a noun.
- The man (N) is poor (Adj). – Adjective placed after a noun.
Types of Adjectives Class 5 English Grammar
Types of Adjectives: Adjectives can be divided into 6 categories according to their types.
Adjectives of quality
Adjectives of quality describe the quality of a noun or a pronoun.
- This is a beautiful house.
- He lives in a big mansion.
- Ishita is a dull student.
- I am able to tell the light box.
Adjective of quantity
Adjectives of quantity express the number of things but not the exact number.
- I need some money.
- Suchitra finished her whole breakfast.
- Do you want more time?
- There is no water in the jug.
Adjectives of number
Adjectives of numbers tell us the exact number of things or their order in a series of things.
- I bought two cakes.
- Twenty students are playing on the field.
- He is the second boy in the class.
- The fishermen caught five fish from the river.
Adjectives of numbers can be categorized into two.
This type of adjective only indicates numbers.
- There are two boys.
- He has four toys.
- They have nine pins.
This type of adjective refers to the order. An ordinal number is always singular and the article, “the” is placed before them.
- She is the third girl in the class.
- He is the fourth boy.
- The team holds the second title in the competition.
Possessive adjectives show us the possession of things.
- My father is a respectable man.
- Sunita loves her pet very much.
- The students went back to their classroom.
- Please return his book.
Difference between possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns.
- Possessive adjectives are placed before nouns but possessive pronouns are used after verbs or at the end of a sentence.
- Mother loved her very much.- (possessive adjective)
- The book I lost is mine.- (possessive pronoun)
Demonstrative adjectives are used to point at people or things.
- Those boys are naughty.
- This kite is mine.
- That bird is hurt.
- These children live in the neighborhood.
Difference between demonstrative adjectives and demonstrative pronouns.
Demonstrative adjectives are used before nouns but demonstrative pronouns are used after verbs or at the end of a sentence.
- Those apples are rotten. (Demonstrative adjective
- I love this. (demonstrative pronoun)
Interrogative adjectives are used to ask questions.
- Which pen do you want to buy?
- What colour is your new site?
- Which cities did you visit in Delhi?
Difference between interrogative adjectives and interrogative pronouns.
Interrogative adjectives are placed before nouns but interrogative pronouns are placed before verbs.
- What time do you prefer? (Interrogative adjective)
- Whose is this? ( interrogative pronoun)
Examples: Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar
Identify the adjectives that are qualifying the highlighted nouns in these sentences.
1. Rajiv is an intelligent boy.– adjective of quality
4. He is a brave soldier. – – adjective of quality
2. I have a few bananas to feed the monkeys. – adjective of quantity
3. I had two sandwiches in the morning. – adjective of number
5. Did you see my shoes? –- possessive adjective
6. Thisdress is mine. — Demonstrative adjective
7. Do you like to meet our friends? possessive
8. He is not in his room.- possessive adjective
9. I would like to have some rice. – adjective of quantity
10. The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world.- adjective of number
11. Those boys are making noise. Demonstrative adjective
12. Have you seen their garden? – possessive adjective
Try yourselves the rest.
13. The tiger is a cruel animal.
14. Anup is a truthful boy.
15. Ankurbabu is a good teacher.
16. There are many colourful flowers in the garden.
17. The mango is a sweet fruit.
18. River water is sweet.
19. I have two new books.
20. The horse is a swift animal.
21. Cancer is a dangerous disease.
22. The man is fat.
23. Inu is intelligent.
24. Amar is strong.
25. The lion is a ferocious animal.
Worksheet: Adjective and its Types Class 5 English Grammar
A. Underline the adjectives in these sentences and mention what kind of adjectives they are.
1. My mother bought a pretty dress for me.
2. Those girls in the park are my sisters.
3. That tree bears delicious mangoes.
4. My friends are coming over to my house.
5. The little girl gave a few nuts to the naughty monkeys.
6. The hungry children devoured the whole cake.
7. Our apartment building has two lifts.
8. The two tall trees in their garden came crashing down because of the strong wind.
B. Underline the Adjectives:
(a) Bilash is the best boy in the class.
(b) He has a nice house in the village.
(c) Ajit is a very clever boy.
(d) He has not much money in his purse.
(e) He has four ball pens.
(f) Do not hate the poor men.
(g) My dress is costly.
C. Find out suitable Adjectives from the brackets and make meaningful Sentences:
(a) He is a _____________ boy (good/curly).
(b) His result is ____________ (right/poor)
(c) Man is an _____________ animal (good/intelligent)
(d) The Ganga is the __________ river in India (best/longest).
(e) It is a ___________ Song (beautiful/melodious).
(f) Mr. Mazumder is a ___________ man (lonely/lovely).
(g) Chennai is a _____________ city (popular/populous).
(h) The butterfly has _____________ wings (colorful/careful).
D. Use the opposite of the adjective in meaning to the bold ones:
(a) Naren is a cruel boy.
(b) Amartya is careful in mathematics.
(c) The tiger is a wild animal.
(d) This food tastes bitter.
(e) He has a soft heart.
(f) They are not clever at all.
(g) He gave a strong fight.
(h) Ramu is honest.
(i) He buys cheap dresses.
E. Fill in the blanks with correct describing words or Adjectives.
Class 5 English Grammar: All Topics & Chapters👇:
Chapter 1. Parts of speech
Chapter 2. The sentence and Types
Chapter 3. Subject and Predicate
Chapter 4. Nouns and their Types
Chapter 5. Noun and Number
Chapter 6. Noun and Gender
Chapter 7. Articles
Chapter 8. Pronouns and their Classifications
Chapter 9. Verbs and Types of Verbs
Chapter 10. Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs List
Chapter 11. Subject and Verb Agreement
Chapter 12. Simple Present Tense
Chapter 13. Present Continuous Tense
Chapter 14. Present Perfect Tense
Chapter 15. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Chapter 16. Simple Past Tense
Chapter 17. Past Continuous Tense
Chapter 18. Past Perfect Tense
Chapter 19. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Chapter 20. Simple Future Tense
Chapter 21. Future Continuous Tense
Chapter 22. Future Perfect Tense
Chapter 23. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Chapter 24. Tense Exercises
Chapter 25. Modal Verbs
Chapter 26. Adjectives and their Types
Chapter 27. Degree of Adjectives
Chapter 28. Adverbs and Comparison
Chapter 29. Prepositions and their Uses
Chapter 30. Conjunctions
Chapter 31. Direct and Indirect Speech
Chapter 32. Transformation of Sentences
Chapter 33. Punctuation