Transformation of sentences Class 10 focuses on a critical aspect of English grammar and language that is taught in the 10th grade. It involves changing the structure of sentences without altering their meaning. Understanding the transformation of sentences is important for improving writing skills, comprehension, and speaking. Our resources cover all the key concepts of sentence transformation and provide a comprehensive understanding of the topic. Find extensive study materials, practice exercises, and revision notes to help you excel in your Class 10 exams.
The topics that basically covered the transformation of sentences in Class 10 are-
Statement into Question, Statement into Command or Request, Exclamation into Statement, Affirmative into Negative, Interchange of Degree of Comparison, Interchange of Parts of Speech, Simple to Complex, Complex to Simple, Simple to Compound, Compound to Simple, Complex to Compound, Neither … nor/ Either… or, Not only / But also, No sooner than / As soon as, Too … to, So … that, and Do as Directed.
1. Statement into Questions as Transformation of Sentences Class 10
Q.1. This thing is useless.
Ans: Of what use is this thing?
Q.2. It is a terrible sight.
Ans: Is it not a terrible sight?
Q.3. It is useless to cry over spilt milk.
Ans: Why do we cry over spilt milk?
Q.4. Everybody wants to be free.
Ans: who does not want to be free?
Q.5. No one can survive without water.
Ans: who can survive without water?
Q.6. Blood is thicker than water.
Ans: Is not blood thicker than water?
Q.7. Coal cannot change its color.
Ans: Can coal change its color?
Q.8. We bleed if you prick us.
Ans: Do we not bleed if you freak us?
Q.9. Nothing succeeds like success.
Ans: Does anything succeed like success?
Q.10. None will bell the cat.
Ans: Who will Bell the cat?
Check More Madhyamik Resources:
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2. Command/Request as Transformation of Sentences Class 10
Q.1. You are ordered to do it now.
Ans: Do it now.
Q.2. you are requested to hold the baby
Ans: Please hold the baby
Q.3. You are ordered to get out of here.
Ans: Get out of here.
Q.4. You are requested to speak softly.
Ans: Please speak softly
Q.5. You are ordered to remain silent.
Ans: keep quiet
Q.6. You are ordered to wash your clothes.
Ans: Wash your clothes.
4. Affirmative into Negative as Transformation of Sentences Class 10
Q.1. She tried every plan.
Ans: She left no plan untried.
Q.2. I shall always love you.
Ans: I shall never hate you.
Q.3. He is an intelligent boy.
Ans: He is not a dull boy.
Q.4. Only you can do this.
Ans: None but you can do this.
Q.5. He is a competent worker.
Ans: He is not an incompetent worker.
Q.6. She is a beautiful girl.
Ans: She is not an ugly girl.
Q.7. Life is a bed of thorns.
Ans: Life is not a bed of roses.
5. Interchange of Degree of Comparison as Transformation of Sentences Class 10
Pos: No other boy in the class is as industrious as Ritesh.
Com: Ritesh is more industrious than any other boy in the class.
Sup: Ritesh is the most industrious boy in the class.
Pos: Very few subjects are as easy as this.
Com: this is easier than most other subjects.
Sup: This is one of the easiest subjects.
Pos: No other continent is as big as Asia.
Com: Asia is bigger than any other continent.
Sup: Asia is the biggest continent.
Pos: No other boy here is as good as he is.
Com: He is better than all the other boys here.
Sup: He is the best boy here.
Pos: No other metal is as bright as gold.
Com: Gold is Brighter Than any other metal.
Sup: Gold is the brightest metal.
Pos: There is no other mystery as great as misery.
Com: Misery is greater than any other mystery.
Sup: Misery is the greatest mystery.
Pos: No other girl in the office is as short as Tulsi.
Com: Tulsi is hotter than any other girl in the office.
Sup: Tulsi is the shortest girl in the office.
Pos: Very few books are as good as this.
Com: This is better than most other books.
Sup: This is one of the best books.
Pos: She is a beautiful girl.
Com: No other girl in the building has hair as curly as Sonam’s.
Sup: Sonam has the curliest hair in the building.
Pos: Very few batsmen are as good as Sachin.
Com: Sachin is better than most other batsmen.
Sup: Sachin is one of the best batsmen.
Pos: No other man in this room is as rich as him.
Com: This man is richer than any other man in his room.
Sup: He is the richest man in this room.
6. Interchange of Parts of Speech as Transformation of Sentences Class 10
(a) Replace the underlined word with a Noun and re-write
Q.1. The teacher permitted the student to go out.
Ans: The teacher gave the student permission to go out.
Q.2. I do not intend to insult you.
Ans: I have no intention to insult you.
Q.3. We are proud of our motherland.
Ans: We take pride in our motherland.
Q.4. The soldiers fought courageously.
Ans: The soldiers fought with courage.
(b) Replace the underlined word with an Adjective and re-write
Q.1. He has respect for his teachers.
Ans: He is respectful to his teachers.
Q.2. Smoking will cause injury to health.
Ans: Smoking is injurious to health.
Q.3. She succeeded in her mission.
Ans: She was successful in her mission.
Q.4. He is a man of knowledge.
Ans: He is a knowledgeable man.
(c) Replace the underlined words with Verbs and re-write
Q.1. He sent an invitation for dinner.
Ans: He invited me for dinner.
Q.2. I was an observer of the scene.
Ans: I observed the seen
Q.3. You are successful in your attempt.
Ans: You have succeeded in your attempt.
Q.4. Hopefully France will do well in the Football World Cup.
Ans: I hope that France will do well in the Football World Cup.
(d) Replace the underlined word with Adverbs and re-write
Q.1. He passed the test with success.
Ans: he passed the test successfully
Q.2. Let him rest in peace
Ans: Let him rest peacefully.
Q.3. Be careful while doing your work.
Ans: Do your work carefully.
Q.4. his success is.
Ans: He will succeed certainly.
7. Simple, Complex, and Compound as Transformation of Sentences Class 10
A. Simple to Complex
(a) Using Noun Clause
Q.1. I believe your word.
Ans: I believe what you say.
Q.2. I hope to win the prize
Ans: I hope that I shall win the prize.
Q.3. I know his name.
Ans: I know what his name is.
Q.4. His silence proves his guilt.
Ans: His silence proves that he is guilty.
Q.5. I believe in the existence of god
Ans: I believe that God exists.
Q.6. I prayed for his recovery.
Ans: I prayed that he might recover.
(b) Using Adjective Clause
Q.1. Her statement is false
Ans: The statement that she made is false
Q.2. A man in danger needs help.
Ans: A man who is in danger needs help.
Q.3. I remember the advice of my former tutor.
Ans: I remember the advice my former tutor gave.
Q.4. I boarded a running train
Ans: I boarded a bus which was running.
Q.5. This is not the way to answer.
Ans: This is not the way in which you should answer.
Q.6 . Pure hearts can pass through good and bad.
Ans: Hearts that are pure can pass through good and bad.
Q.7 . She is a happy woman.
Ans: She is a woman who is happy.
(c) Using Adverbial Clause
Q.1. She is working hard to finish the task in time.
Ans: She is working hard so that she can finish the task in time.
Q.2. Act on our advice.
Ans: Act as you are advised by us.
Q.3. Being rich she cannot feel for the poor.
Ans: As she is rich, she cannot feel for the poor.
Q.4. Wait here till my arrival.
Ans: Wait here until I arrive.
Q.5. We eat to live.
Ans: We eat so that we may live.
Q.6. Despite not being well prepared she won the contest.
Ans: Though she was not well prepared, she won the contest.
Q.7. He is too weak to speak.
Ans: He is so weak that he cannot speak.
B. Complex to Simple
(a) Removing Noun Clause
Q.1. Tell me what your surname is.
Ans: Tell me your surname.
Q.2. Whoever is wise is respected.
Ans: The wise are respected.
Q.3. I do not know when he returns.
Ans: I do not know the time of his return
Q.4. Her face shows that she is ill.
Ans: Her face shows her illness.
Q.5. The truth is that he is offended.
Ans: To tell the truth, he is offended.
Q.6. No one knows why she misbehaved at the party
Ans: No one knows the reason for his misbehavior.
(b) Removing Adjective Clause
Q.1. He told a story that sounded interesting.
Ans: He told an interesting story.
Q.2. People who are lazy dislike doing any work.
Ans: Lazy people dislike doing any work.
Q.3. Give me some water that I may drink.
Ans: Give me some drinking water.
Q.4. I have no money that I can spare.
Ans: I have no money to spare.
Q.5. I found the book which I lost
Ans: I found the Lost book.
Q.6. I have no friends with whom I can share my secrets.
Ans: I have no friends to share my secrets with.
(c) Removing Adverbial Clause
Q.1. Sleep now if you want to wake up early tomorrow.
Ans: Sleep now to wake up early tomorrow.
Q.2. He could not participate in the game because he was ill.
Ans: He could not participate in the game due to his illness.
Q.3. Though I am ill,l I shall attend the meeting.
Ans: Despite being ill,l I shall attend the meeting.
Q.4. Work fast if you want to finish in time.
Ans: Work fast to finish on time.
Q.5. Though she is very famous she is very humble.
Ans: Despite being very famous, she is humble.
Q.6. When the cat is out the mice will play.
Ans: The mice will play in the absence of the cat.
Q.7. If you do not eat properly, you will fall sick.
Ans: Eat properly not to fall.
C. Simple to Compound
(a) Using Cumulative Conjunction
Q.1. She is both tall and strong.
Ans: She is not only tall but also strong.
Q.2. Besides money, good health is necessary to be happy.
Ans: Money as well as good health is necessary to be happy.
Q.3. To add to her misfortune, her son died.
Ans: Her son died and this added to her misfortune.
Q.4. After cleaning the statue, she garlanded it.
Ans: She cleaned the statue and garlanded it.
Q.5. He is both intelligent and humorous.
Ans: Not only he is intelligent but also humorous.
(b) Using Adversative Conjunction
Q.1. In spite of their wealth, she is an apple.
Ans: She is wealthy, still she is happy.
Q.2. Despite being ill, he went to the office.
Ans: He is very ill yet he went to the office.
Q.3. Notwithstanding her shortcomings, I love her.
Ans: She has some shortcomings, but I love her.
Q.4. In spite of several attempts, he failed.
Ans: He made several attempts, but he failed
Q.5. Despite coming left, Ram managed to get a seat.
Ans: Ram came late, however, he managed to get a seat.
(c) Using Alternative Conjunction
Q.1. You must take a high-protein diet to gain weight.
Ans: You must take a high-protein diet or you will not gain weight.
Q.2. Both brothers are ill-mannered.
Ans: Neither the younger brother nor the elder brother is well-mannered.
Q.3. You must avoid junk food to stay healthy.
Ans: Avoid junk food, or else you will not stay healthy.
Q.4. You must study hard to score good marks.
Ans: Study hard otherwise you will not score good marks.
Q.5. You must brush twice daily to keep your gums healthy.
Ans: Brush twice daily else your gum will not remain healthy.
(d) Using Illative Conjunction
Q.1. The man, being hungry, ate too much.
Ans: The man was hungry so he ate too much.
Q.2. Being dissatisfied, he quit the job.
Ans: He was dissatisfied, therefore he quit the job.
Q.3. It being a holiday I went to visit my friend.
Ans: It was your holiday so I went to visit my friend.
Q.4. the orange being rotten she threw them away.
Ans: The oranges were rotten so she threw them away.
D. Compound to Simple
(a) Using Participle
Q.1. He kept the money under the pillow and left the house.
Ans: Keeping the money under the pillow he left the house.
Q.2. She came home and began to work.
Ans: Coming home, she began to work.
Q.3. Rita was very sorry and apologized.
Ans: Feeling very sorry, Rita apologized.
Q.4. We saw the Qutub Minar and returned home.
Ans: Seeing the Qutub Minar, we returned home.
Q.5. I made a Christmas card and showed it to my father.
Ans: Making a Christmas card, and I showed it to my father.
Q.5. She was scared and did not get into the pool.
Ans: Being scared, she did not get into the pool.
(b) Using Prepositional Phrase
Q.1. She was poor but she did not blame her fate.
Ans: In spite of being poor, she did not blame her fate.
Q.2. She worked really hard so she passed.
Ans: Working really hard, she passed.
Q.3. He not only scolded his son but also beat him.
Ans: Besides scolding his son, he also beat him.
Q.4. Yuvraj Singh is not only a great batsman but also a fine bowler.
Ans: Besides being a great batsman, Yuvraj Singh is also a fine bowler.
Q.5. Obey her or you will be expelled.
Ans: In case of not obey her, you will be expelled.
(c) Using Infinitive
Q.1. He must work hard or he will fail.
Ans: He must work hard to avoid failure.
Q.2. You must give up smoking or you will die.
Ans: Give up smoking to live.
Q.3. His business failed and this added to his woes.
Ans: To add to his woes, his business failed.
Q.4. Hurry up or you will miss the train.
Ans: Hurry up to catch the train.
Q.5. He practiced 12 hours daily and became a player.
Ans: he practised 12 hours daily to become a player.
E. Complex to Compound
Q.1. If you do it you will be punished.
Ans: Do it and you will be punished.
Q.2. As he is ill he could not go to school.
Ans: He is ill and could not go to school.
Q.3. Though he is wealthy, he is a miser.
Ans: He is wealthy but he is a miser.
Q.4. If you do not obey me you will be beaten.
Ans: Obey me or you will be beaten.
Q.5. If you do not answer you will be punished.
Ans: Answer all you will be punished.
Q.6. I can prove that I am innocent.
Ans: I am innocent and I can prove it.
Q.7. If you do not do it you will regret it.
Ans: Do it or you will regret it.
Q.8. Though I am not a part of the gang I was present there.
Ans: I was present there but I am not a part of the gang.
Q.9. If you do not tell the truth I shall fire you.
Ans: Tell the truth else I shall fire you.
Q.10. If you do not work hard, you will fail to achieve your goal
Ans: Work hard or you will fail to achieve your goal.
12. Do as Directed as Transformation of Sentences Class 10
Sentences are to transform as instructed given in brackets under the ‘Do as Directed’ Heading in English Questions Paper Grammar Section. Basically ‘Transformation of Sentences‘ indicates ‘transforming the sentences as directed‘ keeping the meaning unchanged. Here the directions are given in brackets beside the following questions.
Do as Directed Part 1
Q.1. As soon as he retired, his son got a job. (Use ‘no sooner)
Ans: No sooner did you retire than his son got a job.
Q.2. As soon as he arrived, he sent a message. (Use ‘no sooner)
Ans: No sooner did he arrive than he sent a message.
Q.3. Both Usha and Asha live in Australia. ( Make it compound’)
Ans: Usha as well as Asha lives in Australia.
Q.4. Some girls were playing badminton. (Use ‘ed’ word)
Ans: Badminton was being played by some girls.
Q.5. No sooner had she heard the news than she fainted. (Use ‘as soon as)
Ans: As soon as she heard the news, she fainted.
Q.6. A rolling stone gathers no moss. (Turn into a Complex sentence)
Ans: A stone that rolls gathers no moss.
Q.7. I am too tired to go. (Omit ‘too’)
Ans: I am so tired that I cannot go.
Q.8. He is not strong. He is not brave. (Use ‘neither … nor’)
Ans: He is neither strong nor brave.
Q.9. Only adults can attend this show. (Make it negative using ‘none but’)
Ans: None but adults can attend the show.
Q.10. She does not like tea. She does not like coffee. (Use ‘neuther … nor’)
Ans: Neither does she like tea nor does she like coffee.
Q.11. They did the job without anyone’s help. ( Rewrite the sentence using a self word)
Ans: They themselves did the job.
Q.12. Vivekananda did not live long. ( Make it affirmative)
Ans: Vivekananda died early./ Vivekananda was short-lived.
Q.13. Carrot is a vegetable that provides vitamin A to our body. ( Make it simple)
Ans: Carrot provides vitamin A to our body.
Do as Directed Part 2
Q.14. The news is so good that it cannot be true. ( Make it affirmative)
Ans: The news is too good to be true.
Q.15. Deepa saw the spider and ran away. (Make it simple)
Ans: Seeing the spider, Deepa ran away.
Q.16. He is too short to reach the fruit of the tree. (Rewrite the sentence by removing ‘too’ and ‘to’)
Ans: He is so short that he cannot reach the fruit of the tree.
Q.17. He is the tallest boy in the class. ( Change the degree of comparison)
Ans: No other boy in the class is as tall as him.
Q.18. Sheetal is the fastest runner in the school. ( Rewrite the sentence using ‘fast’)
Ans: no other runner in the school is as fast as Sheetal.
Q.19. Tell me what your name is ( Turn it into a simple sentence)
Ans: Tell me your name.
Q.20. It is not necessary for you to come (Rewrite Using ‘need’)
Ans: You need not come tomorrow.
Q.21. St Paul’s Cathedral is the biggest Church in our locality. ( Change the degree of comparison)
Ans: St Paul’s Cathedral is bigger than any other Church in our locality.
Q.22. He is so proud that he will not apologize for his mistake ( Turn into a simple sentence)
Ans: He is too proud to apologize for his mistake.
Q.23. Who does not love his parents? (Change into an assertive sentence)
Ans: Everybody loves his parents.
Q.24. As soon as he reached the station, the train left. (Re-write using ‘No sooner ….. than’)
Ans: No sooner had he reached the station than the train left.
Do as Directed Part 3
Q.25. He was sorry that he was late. (Turn into a simple sentence)
Ans: He was sorry for being late.
Q.26. The Silver pot was the most beautiful thing in the house. ( Change the adjective to the positive)
Ans: No other thing in the house was as beautiful as the Silver pot.
Q.27. She offered me tea but I asked for a glass of water. ( Rewrite as a complex sentence)
Ans: Though she offered me tea, I asked for a glass of water.
Q.28. The boy was too small to reach up to the branches of the tree. (Rewrite as a complex sentence)
Ans: The boy was so small that he could not reach up to the branches of the tree.
Q.29. The horses which come from Arabia are much in demand (Rewrite as a simple sentence’)
Ans: Arabian horses are much in demand.
Q.30. The poem is too simple to need an explanation. (Remove ‘too’ and ‘to’)
Ans: The poem is so simple that it needs no explanation.
Q.31. He is very old. He cannot walk fast. (Use ‘too’ and ‘to’)
Ans: He is too old to walk fast.
Q.32. The boy was so small that he could not reach up to the branches of the tree. (Rewrite as a simple sentence)
Ans: The boy was too small to reach up to the branches of the tree.
Q.33. Who does not love his motherland? (Turn into a statement )
Ans: Everybody loves his motherland.