Narration Change Class 6 Rules with Examples and Exercises

Discover the process of Narration Change Class 6 Rules with Examples and Exercises with our comprehensive guide providing relevant examples and clear explanations. Our updated guide on the Narration Change Class 6 Rules offers clear and concise explanations of the modifications with helpful examples to make learning easier. Understand the new guidelines and improve your storytelling skills for successful narration exams. Get started now and take your Class 6 narration to the next level.

When we narrate something that is called Narration. Narration can be done either by speaking the speaker’s actual words i.e Direct Narration or by giving the substance of the speaker’s speech without changing the meaning i.e Indirect Narration. As a result, we get the conclusion that there are two types of narration – Direct Narration and Indirect Narration.

Narration Change Class 6

There are two types of Narration – Direct narration & Indirect Narration. Direct narration can also be called Direct Speech. Indirect narration can also be called Indirect Speech. Basically, when we quote a speaker’s actual words, it is called Direct Speech and if a speech is reported without quoting the speaker’s actual words, it is called Indirect Speech.

Features and Parts of Direct Speech.

Direct Speech: He said, “I am going to school.”

  • Direct speech is put within the inverted commas (“…”) to mark off the exact words of the speaker.
  • A comma (. ,) is used after the reporting verb.
  • The first letter of the direct speech will be a capital letter.
Subject (Speaker)Reporting VerbReported Speech
Hesaid“I am going to school.”

Features and Parts of Indirect Speech.

Indirect Speech: He said that he was going to school.

  • Indirect speech is not put within the inverted commas (“…”).
  • No comma (. ,) is used after the reporting verb.
  • The first letter of the direct speech will not be a capital letter.
Subject (Speaker)Reporting VerbConnectiveReported Speech
Hesaidthathe was going to school.

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General Rules of Narration Change Class 6

There are main four rules that we have to know to change Direct Speech to Indirect Speech.

Rule 1

If the reporting verb is Present to Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is not changed at all.

Direct Speech: He says, “I wrote a letter.”
Indirect Speech: He says that he wrote a letter.

Direct Speech: He will say, “You are a liar.”
Indirect Speech: He will say that I am a liar.

Rule 2

If the reporting verb is Past Tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech must be changed to one or other of the four forms of the Past Tense. Follow the table.

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
Present Indefinite
He said, “I want a pen”
Past Indefinite
He said that he wanted a pen.
Present Continuous
He said, “I am reading a book.”
Past Continuous
He said that he was reading a book.
Present perfect
He said, “I have seen the bird.”
Past perfect
He said that he had seen the bird.
Present perfect continuous
He said, “I have been reading.”
Past perfect continuous
He said that he had been reading.
Past Indefinite
He said, “I helped the boy.”
Past perfect
He said that he had helped the boy.
Past Continuous
He said, ‘They were making a noise.”
Past perfect continuous
He said that they had been making a noise.
Past perfect
She said, “She had done it.”
Past perfect
She said that she had done it.
will/shall
He said, “I shall go.”
would/should
He said that he would go.
can/may
He said, “I can do it.”
could/might
He said that he could do it.

Rule 3

The first-person pronouns in the reported speech or quoted speech change according to the subject of the reporting verb.

  • Direct: Mother said, “I took tea.”
  • Indirect: Mother Said that she had taken tea.

The second-person pronouns in the reported speech or quoted speech change according to the object of the reporting verb.

  • Direct: My friend said to me, “You have done well.”
  • Indirect: My friend told me that I had done well.

The third-person pronouns in the reported speech or quoted speech remain in the third person.

  • Direct: I said to you, “He punished himself.”
  • Indirect: I told you that he punished himself.

Rule 4

Place and Time expressions in the past tense in the reported speech or quoted speech of Direcr Narration change according to the following table.

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
nowthen
todaythat day
tomorrowthe next day
last nightthe previous night
thesethose
comego
agobefore
tonightthat night
yesterdaythe previous day
herethere
thisthat
thusthat way/so
itit (remains unchanged)

Assertive Sentences Rules of Narration Change Class 6

Direct Speech

1. Actual words quoted in the direct speech are put within inverted commas ( "...."). 
2. The reported speech in Direct Narration begins with a Capital Letter. 
3. A comma is placed before the reported speech in Direct Narration.
  • Direct Speech: She said, “You are reading a book.”
  • Direct Speech: She said to me, “You are reading a book.
Speaker (subject)Reporting VerbObject Reported Speech
Shesaid“You are reading a book.”
shesaid tome“You are reading a book.

Indirect Speech

1. Connective "that" is used before the reported speech in Indirect Narration. 
2. Tense of reported speech verbs in Indirect Narration change according to the GENERAL RULES shown above. 
3. "say" (direct speech) - "say" (indirect speech) and "say to me"(direct speech) - "tell me" (indirect speech)
3. No inverted comma should be used in the Indirect Narration. 
4. In the Indirect Speech, no comma is used after the reporting verb. 
5. Full stop is used at the end of the sentence in the Indirect Narration.
  • Indirect Speech: She said that you were reading a book.
  • Indirect Speech: She told me that I was reading a book.
Speaker (subject)Reporting VerbObject connectiveReported Speech
ShesaidthatYou were reading a book.
shesaid tomethatI was reading a book.

Interrogative Sentences Rules of Narration Change Class 6

Direct Speech

1. Actual words quoted in the direct speech are put within inverted commas ( "...."). 
2. The reported speech in Direct Narration begins with a Capital Letter. 
3. A comma is placed before the reported speech in Direct Narration.
  • Direct: You said to me, “Do you hear me?
  • Direct: You said to me, “Why have you failed?”
Speaker (subject)Reporting VerbObject Reported Speech
Yousaid tome“Do you hear me?”
Yousaid tomeWhy have you failed?”

Indirect Speech

1. "said"/," said to" (Direct Speech) changed to "asked" (Indirect Speech). 
2. "if" / "whether" is added for "Yes"/"No" answers as a connector otherwise, Who, What, When, Why, Whom, Whose, Which, and How, will be used as a connector. 
3. interrogative form changed into a statement or assertive form.
  • Indirect: You asked me if/whether I heard you.
  • Indirect: You asked me why I had failed.
Speaker (subject)Reporting VerbObject ConnectorsReported Speech
Youaskedmeif/whetherI heard you.(statement)
YouaskedmewhyI had failed. (statement)

Narration Change Class 6 workout examples

Examples of Tense

Direct: He said, “I am going to the market.”
Indirect: He said that he was going to the market

Direct: Mother says, “I love my child very much.”
Indirect: The mother says that she loves her child very much.

Direct: The Prisoner said, “I shall break the jai.”l
Indirect: The Prisoner said that he would break the jail.

Examples of Person

Direct: I said to you, “He punished himself.”
Indirect: I told you that he punished himself

Direct: He says to me, “I have done the work.”
Indirect: He tells me that he has done the work.

Direct: The child said, “I am studying English.”
Indirect: The child said that he was studying English.

Examples of Time & Place

Direct: Rita said, “I live here.”
Indirect: Rita said that she lived there.

Direct: He said to me, “I want to play with you today.”
Indirect: He told me that he wanted to play with me that day.

Direct: The boy said, “My sister came here long ago.”
Indirect: The boy said that his sister had come there long before.

Examples Interrogative sentences

Direct: He said to me, “What is your name?”
Indirect: He asked me what my name was.

Direct: I said to him, “Why are you angry?”
Indirect: I asked him why he was angry

Direct: The boy said, “Is there any hope for me?”
Indirect: The boy asked if there was any hope for him.

Examples of Command or Request

Direct: Mother said, “Be quiet.”
Indirect: Mother said to be quiet.

Direct: The teacher said, “Sit down.”
Indirect: The teacher ordered to sit down

Direct: The library said to the boys, “Please, maintain silence in the class.”
Indirect: The librarian requested the boys to maintain silence in the class.

Examples of Let

Direct: She said, “Let us go home.”
Indirect: See proposed that they should go home.

Direct: He said, “Let me come in.”
Indirect: He requested that he might come in.

Examples of Desire

Direct: He said to me, “May you prosper in life.”
Indirect: He wished that I might prosper in life.

Direct: The holy man said to me, “May you be happy forever.”
Indirect: The holy man wished me that I might be happy forever.

Examples Of Exclamatory sentences

Direct: He said, “Alas I have lost the challenge.”
Indirect: He exclaimed in sorrow that he had lost the challenge.

Direct: “Farewell! my friends.”, he said.
Indirect: He bid farewell to his friends.

Direct: He said, “How happy you are!”
Indirect: He explained in joy that I was very happy.

Narration Change Class 6 Exercises

Exercise 1

A. Change the following sentences from Direct speech to Indirect speech :

1. She said, “I am a top-class singer.”

2. You said, “He is a very good athlete”.

3. “Be quiet”, said the boy to his companion.

4. The shop assistant said, “This tea set costs Rs. 500/-.”

5. He asked me, “Have you done your homework ?”

6. Neha said to me, “Are you going to help me”.

Exercise 2

B. Change the following sentences from direct speech to Indirect speech:

1. Ram said to him, “You are not doing any work.”

2. I said to him, “Can you tell me what the time is ?”

3. She said to me, “Do you know Sohan ?”

4. He said to me, “Did you lend me your book?”

5. He said to me, “Where do you live?”

Exercise 3

C. Change the following sentences from direct speech to Indirect speech:

1. He said to Mohan, “How much money do you want ?”

2. The teacher said to me, “Sit in your class and learn a lesson.”

3. The teacher said to the boy, “Do not abuse anyone.”

4. Mohan said to his friend, “Let’s go out for a walk.”

5. The king said, “Let the man be set free.”

Exercise 4

D. Read the following conversation and complete the passage given below.

Ramesh: I have invited my friends on my birthday party.

Renu: Then, I will invite my friends also.

Ramesh: That will be a good idea.

Renu: So, what should we have for dinner?

Ramesh: Let us decide the menu now.

Ramesh told Renu that he had invited his friends on his birthday. Then Renu said that (a) _________________ which Ramesh thought (b) _________________.

When Renu asked (c) _________________ Ramesh replied that they should decide the menu then.

Exercise 5

E. Below you can read a conversation between Reinu and her husband Somu. Complete the following reporting what they discussed:

Reinu: Our new servant has a tendency to steal things.

Somu: Is anything missing?

Reinu: Yes, he has stolen one of our blankets.

Somu: Which one?

Reinu: It’s the one we took from Hotel Palm Beach.

Reinu told her husband that (a) __________ a tendency to steal things. Somu asked her (b) __________. She told him that (c) __________ When Somu asked her which one it was, she replied that it was the one they had taken from Hotel Palm Beach.

Exercise 6

F. Read the conversation given below and report the dialogues between Sonu and Monu by completing the pas. that follows. Write the answer neatly in your answer sheet:

Sonu: I’m dying, Monu.

Monu: Well, do me a favour after you reach heaven.

Sonu: What do you want me to do?

Monu: Tell me if they play cricket in heaven.

(Sonu dies and Monu sees him in his dream.)

Sonu: There is one good and one bad news for you. The good news is that they play cricket here, and the bad news is that it is your turn to bowl tomorrow!

Sonu told Monu that he was dying. Monu asked Sonu (a) ____________ after he reached heaven. Sonu asked (b) ____________.Monu told Sonu (c)____________ .After his death, Sonu came into Monu’s dream and said that there was one good and one bad news for him. The good news was that they played cricket there and the bad one was that it was his turn to bowl the next day.

Answers

Answers 1

1. She said that she was a top-class singer.

2. You said that he was a very good athlete.

3. The boy told his companion to keep quiet.

4. The shop assistant said that the cost of the tea set was Rs. 500/-.

5. He asked me if I had done my homework.

6.  Neha asked me if I was going to help her.

Answer 2

1. Ram told him that he was not doing any work.

2. I asked him if he could tell me what the time was.

3. She asked me whether I knew Sohan.

4. He asked me if I had lect him my book.

5. He asked me where I lived.

Answers 3

1. He asked Mohan how much money he wanted.

2. The teacher ordered me to sit in my class and learn my lesson.

3. The teacher forbade the boy to abuse anyone.

4. Mohan proposed to his friend that they should go out for a walk.

5. The king ordered that the man should be set free.

Answers 4

(a) she would invite her friends also

(b) would be a great idea

(c) what they should have for dinner

Answers 5 

(a) their new servant had

(b) whether anything was missing

(c) he had stolen one of their blankets

Answers 6 

(a) to do him a favor

(b)what he wanted him to do

(c) to tell him if they played cricket in heaven